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英国的教育体制(A)  

2007-05-23 11:06:00|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Each part of the UK (Wales, Scotland, N. Ireland and England ) runs its own education but they are all very similar in content.

What sorts of schools are there in the UK?

State school

l        Funded and directed by the government through the Department of Education and Skills ( DfES ).

l        Free education until 19 years old, for poor students mostly

 Independentschools

l        Privately funded schools---parents pay fees

l        ‘public’ schools ( based on historical privilege )---parents paybig fees

E.g. parents payabout 40000 yearin Eton Public School, but the average net income in the UKis8,000at present.

l        charitable schools (often for special needs) funded by charities, League of Education Associations and sometimes parents pay fees

 Schoolterms

September to Christmas Day  Term 1

January to EsterDay        Term 2   2 weeks holidays

April to July               Term 3   6 weeks holidays

A teacher usually spends 40 weeks in school and 12 weeks for training and preparation.

What's being taught?

The National Curriculum (NC)

The NC states what should be taught for each subject at each keystage.

English is supported by the National Literacy Strategy.

Maths is supported by the National Numeracy Strategy.

Government authorities

Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) administer the national curriculum and end of key stage assessment test.

Office for Standards in Education (OFSTED) inspects schools.

What ages ofpupils are at each stage?

 

Curriculumlevel

Pupils’age

Nursery

Foundationstage

Under 5years

Infant

Key stage1

5-7years

Junior

Key stage2

7-11years

Secondary

Key stage3&4

11-16years

Sixth form college                        16 years

Further education college

Special schools       pupil with learning difficulties of all ages

 

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